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MH370 Flight Plan

From MH370Wiki

Summary for Flight MH370 on 8th March 2014 (Source: FlightAware [1])
Departure: Kuala Lumpur International Airport (Sepang, Selangor Malaysia) Destination: Beijing Capital International Airport (Beijing China)
Scheduled departure time: 00:35 MYTMalaysian Time (MYT) is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours Scheduled arrival time: 05:51 CSTChina Standard Time is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours
Actual departure time: 00:49 MYTMalaysian Time (MYT) is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours Estimated arrival time would have been: 06:19 CSTChina Standard Time is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours
Expected flight duration: 5 hours 29 minutes Distance: 4,418 km direct or 4,504 km via planned flight path
Planned Route

DCT PIBOS R208 IKUKO M076F290 R208 IGARI M765 BITOD N0480F330 L637 TSN N0490F350 W1 BMT W12 PCA G221 BUNTA N0480F350 A1 IKELA N0480F350 P901 IDOSI N0480F390 DCT CH DCT BEKOL K0890S1160 A461 YIN K0890S1190 A461


What do all the abbreviations in the flight plan mean?
             

Aviation uses a lot of abbreviations, acronyms and terminology but we can easily make sense of it.

Step 1 - Waypoints and Navaid locations are identified in bold type
DCT PIBOS R208 IKUKO M076F290 R208 IGARI M765 BITOD N0480F330 L637 TSN N0490F350 W1 BMT W12 PCA G221 BUNTA N0480F350 A1 IKELA N0480F350 P901 IDOSI N0480F390 DCT CH DCT BEKOL K0890S1160 A461 YIN K0890S1190 A461
Step 2 - Route numbers are identified in bold type
DCT PIBOS R208 IKUKO M076 F290 R208 IGARI M765 BITOD N0480F330 L637 TSN N0490F350 W1 BMT W12 PCA G221 BUNTA N0480F350 A1 IKELA N0480F350 P901 IDOSI N0480F390 DCT CH DCT BEKOL K0890S1160 A461 YIN K0890S1190 A461
Step 3 - Flight Levels are identified in bold type
DCT PIBOS R208 IKUKO M076 F290 R208 IGARI M765 BITOD N0480 F330 L637 TSN N0490 F350 W1 BMT W12 PCA G221 BUNTA N0480 F350 A1 IKELA N0480 F350 P901 IDOSI N0480 F390 DCT CH DCT BEKOL K0890S1160 A461 YIN K0890S1190 A461
Step 4 - Segment the route into FIRs
  • Malaysia: DCT PIBOS R208 IKUKO M076F290 R208 IGARI M765
  • Vietnam: BITOD N0480F330 L637 TSN N0490F350 W1 BMT W12 PCA G221 BUNTA N0480 F350 A1
  • China: IKELA N0480F350 P901 IDOSI N0480F390 DCT CH DCT BEKOL K0890S1160 A461 YIN K0890S1190 A461

Now try reading the flight plan using the tooltips - each underlined word has an explanation which appears when you place a mouse or pointer over it. Spaces have been added which were not in the original text on FlightAware.

  • Malaysia: DCT PIBOSWaypoint Country MY Location Karak Latitude 3° 21' 6.49" N Longitude 102° 3' 16.43" E R208Flight Route R208 IKUKOWaypoint Country SG Latitude 5° 45' 12.00" N Longitude 103° 13' 24.00" E M076Flight Route M076 F290Flight Level at 29000 feet. R208Flight Route R208 IGARIWaypoint Country SG Latitude 6° 56' 10.00" N Longitude 103° 35' 6.00" E M765Flight Route M765
  • Vietnam: BITODWaypoint Country VN Latitude N07152400 Longitude E104070600 N0480 F330Flight Level at 33000 feet. L637Flight Route L637 TSNNavaid Name TAN SON NHAT. Country VN Location Ho Chi Minh City Type VOR Latitude 10° 48' 59.00" N Longitude 106° 38' 44.00" E N0490 F350Flight Level at 35000 feet. W1 BMTNavaid Name BUON MA THUOT. Country VN Location Ðat Lý Type DVOR Latitude 12° 39' 59.00" N Longitude 108° 7' 23.00" E W12 PCANavaid Name PHU CAT Country VN Location Hòa Dõng Type VOR Latitude 13° 57' 26.00" N Longitude 109° 2' 34.00" E G221 BUNTAWaypoint Country VN Latitude N16500000 Longitude E109234200 N0480 F350Flight Level at 35000 feet. A1Flight Route A1
  • China: IKELAWaypoint Country CN Latitude 18° 39' 42.00" N Longitude 112° 14' 42.00" E N0480 F350Flight Level at 35000 feet. P901Flight Route P901 IDOSIWaypoint Country HK Latitude 190000N Longitude 1123000E N0480 F390Flight Level at 39000 feet. DCT CH DCT BEKOLWaypoint Country CN Location Shenzhen Latitude 22° 32' 36.00" N Longitude 114° 7' 60.00" E K0890S1160 A461Flight Route A461 YINNavaid Name YINGDE Country CN Location Yingde Type VOR Latitude 24° 12' 24.00" N Longitude 113° 24' 36.00" E K0890S1190 A461Flight Route A461

Thanks to The aiR BLOG [2] for providing a link to the MH370 Flight Plan and explaining how to read it. A map is included on that site.

Where did MH370 deviate from the scheduled fight path?

At 01:19:24 MYTMalaysian Time (MYT) is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours Air Traffic Controllers in Malaysia at KLATCCKuala Lumpur Air Traffic Control Centre instructed MH370 to contact HCMATCCHO CHI MINH Air Traffic Control Centre. This instruction was acknowledged.

At 01:21:04 MYTMalaysian Time (MYT) is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours KLATCCKuala Lumpur Air Traffic Control Centre observed MH370 on their radar as it passed over the waypoint IGARIWaypoint Country SG Latitude 6° 56' 10.00" N Longitude 103° 35' 6.00" E.

At 01:38:00 MYTMalaysian Time (MYT) is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 8 hours HCMATCCHO CHI MINH Air Traffic Control Centre made a query to KLATCCKuala Lumpur Air Traffic Control Centre on the whereabouts of MH 370

Officially, MH 370 was reported missing at 01:38 after passing waypoint IGARIWaypoint Country SG Latitude 6° 56' 10.00" N Longitude 103° 35' 6.00" E while en-route from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Beijing, China.

However, the transcript of conversations between KLATCCKuala Lumpur Air Traffic Control Centre and HCMATCCHO CHI MINH Air Traffic Control Centre show that at 01:46:46 HCM queried about MH370 again, stating that radar contact was established over IGARIWaypoint Country SG Latitude 6° 56' 10.00" N Longitude 103° 35' 6.00" E but there was no verbal contact.

Ho Chi Minh advised that the observed radar blip disappeared at waypoint BITODWaypoint Country VN Latitude N07152400 Longitude E104070600.




Version History

Date and Change (not including formatting)

14 November 2014 - Page completed to Version 1

13 November 2014 - page created with basic content